Techniques to fight the progressing desertification on earth
The UN Council has declared the year 2006 the International Year of Deserts and Desertification. It is understood that the spreading of deserts is one of the biggest environmental and development problems of the 21st century. Arid regions that make up 41 % of the global soil are endangered. In danger of drought is among other areas of the world the south of Europe such as the Iberian Peninsula. Inhabitants of countries such as Spain and Portugal are leaving central areas of the land. As their traditional agriculture allowed them no more to sustain a living they moved to the coast in numbers to live a contemporary lifestyle.
The technical innovations of the modern world tend to be attractive at first. But little by little we are forced to realize the possible price of our lifestyle: It is the destruction of the basic resources of our life! On the other hand there are new interesting developments in environmental technology and alternative agriculture that could help us to preserve the basic life resources.
To further promote this trend I gathered some helpful ideas and links.
1 Restoring Nature
2 Techniques of Restoration
3 Landscaping by Permaculture
4 Soil Processing, Terra Preta
6 Remigration and Overcoming Unemployment
7 Existing Eco-communities
In the region ofAlentejo in Portugal exists an ecological Project named Tamera. The inhabitants are successfully experimenting with techniques to revitalize formerly deserted land.
Within a couple of years they managed to moisturize the earth again trough installing so called retention basins (semi natural lakes) that create the basis for fertilization and increasing plant growth.
The community is more ore less sustainable through permaculture (developing nourishing biotopes) that will establish eatable landscapes.
Further more they planted 20.000 trees since 1995
Throug intelligent water management formerly dry land will be moisturized and revitalized!
Connected semi natural lakes develop and regain fertile ground.
To be seen at:
Landscaping with permaculture
Permaculture is based on the ideas of pioneers like Bill Mollison and Sepp Holzer.
It is a form of organic agriculture that contrary to monoculture prefers to deal with the symbiotic and synergetic powers of nature.
It is therefore the most sustainable and ecological form of agriculture!
Soil Processing, Terra Preta
Terra Preta is a substrate made out of compost, dung, charcoal and ceramic. Through its lasting fertility Terra Preta has the potential to help overcome several Problems, the fight against the hunger catastrophe, the devastating hygienic conditions within slums of the world, plus the climate crisis. And that in the absence of agrochemicals, but through a grassroot revolution.
Humus - Forgotten climate aid www.youtube.com/watch?v=tJCAzbRDQ6g&feature=youtu.be
Self-contained Houses made of waste!
Imagine a house that heats itself, produces its own water and food, does not need expensive technology, recycles its own waste and contains its own energy source. And now imagine it can be build by anyone, mainly with the leftovers of our society!
If nature will again be considered as the source of live, there will be room to develop the matrix for a different way of politics, a new consideration of our live and values. An increasing number of folks seems to take a critical stand towards the mentality of greed and mass consumption of our way of life. This enables societies, who are suffering from the crisis, like those in southern Europe to consider new options. In order to fight environmental destruction, the climate change and unemployment (especially youth- unemployment). I’d like to draw the attention towards the Kibbutz- movement in Israel, the eco-movement world wide, plus social tourism such as the so called Volunteer Travelers.
If our society would embrace and practically connect these social phenomena a social- cultural network could be build that would be able to reverse the negative developments of our past and presence. And trough transformation in to a most natural urban-agricultural lifestyle we would be able to regain live in former settlement areas.
If governments would assist this movement through legislation a great number of folks could be motivated to take part in ecological projects. Reasons to do so would be self-preservation of mankind and the consciousness that we depend upon a healthy nature. The possibilities to engage oneself are numerous. It could be in form of education or a social year, as well as in form of voluntary holiday’s.
Self organized groups would build self-sustained and self-evident eco-villages, led by the natural desire to research, live, learn, and to work together. From the start-up of a pathfinder movement real professions could develop in the long run like permaculture-engineers, professional coordinators and trainers in eco-technologies. But also farmers, craftsmen, psychologists or teachers that are willing to share a natural way of living and the joy of continued education could become the nuclei for the villages. The eco- villages could later be transformed in to eco-versities for advanced research, eco-education and environmental design .
These projects could as well be open for visitors in order to activate eco-tourism that would reduce the concentration of tourism to the coast. The possibility to take part in a social-year ore voluntary holidays would raise the chance to transfer know-how and lead to more eco-awareness.
A prosperous network of ecological oases could come into existence that should expand in the long run into a wide spread phenomenon that would consequently lead not only to local renaturation but at best to positive effects for fertility, biodiversity and the climate of whole countries.
Existing eco-communities and networks
The world population (2012 already more than 7 billion inhabitants) is growing rapidly. Estimations of the united nations show that in the middle of our century there will be 2.5 billion more inhabitants crowding the Planet.
At the same time we keep indulging in wasting resources, in absurd confidence that we as the crown of creation will be able to manage our existence with innovative technical solutions.
Therefore we keep producing masses of denatured foods of doubtful quality. In the field of food and pharmaceutical production as well as in many other fields of industrial production there is an ongoing sequence of scandals and catastrophes. It is commonly known that by now we are facing enormous environmental problems. Every one who walks about with open eyes is clearly able to realize that the technocratic paradigm has failed.
Because of these obvious reasons it is an urgent necessity to find a more sensible way of dealing with life and the nature that surrounds us.
The work of some of the previously shown projects could lead us to new views and a wide range of possibilities that may help to overcome our unreflected and egocentric value-system. It’ll be wise to learn from the great pioneer work that as been done in the fields of organic agriculture, social- communication, human-medicine and alternative-energies.